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North America

Oak (white & red)

Tree Data
Live oak is reported to have derived its name from its evergreen foliage. The tree is medium-sized, with a short, broad and buttressed trunk and broad branches that are often covered with Spanish-moss.

It is reported to grow to a height of about 40 to 50 feet (12 to 15 m), with a trunk diameter of 24 to 48 inches (60 to 120 cm). The tree is reported to be a popular shade tree in Southeastern United States where it matures into very large sizes.

Sapwood Color
The sapwood is whitish to grayish brown.

Heartwood Color
The heartwood is dull brown to gray brown.

Grain is typically irregular, and slab sawn material is reported to yield an interesting grain pattern.

The wood is coarse-textured, and small, non-continuous checks are reported to occur often.

There is no characteristic odor or taste.

Natural Durability
Live oak is reported to have high natural resistance against decay, especially in marine applications. Resistance to Impregnation The wood is rated as resistant to preservative treatment.

Strength Properties
Bending and crushing strength properties of White oaks are reported to be generally moderate, while stiffness is rated as low. Response to machining operations is reported to be generally dependent on the growth rate of the trees: fast grown southern trees are reported to produce harder material which is generally easier to work than wood from slow grown Appalachian trees.


Category Green Dry Unit
Bending Strength 10000 18400 psi
Crushing Strength (Perp.) 2040 2840 psi
Max. Crushing Strength 4455 8900 psi
Impact Strength 44 inches
Stiffness 1335 1980 1000 psi
Work to Maximum Load 12 19 in-lbs/in3
Shearing Strength 2660 psi
Specific Gravity 0.70 0.88
Weight 76 62 lbs/cu.ft.
Density (Air-dry) 63 lbs/cu.ft.
Radial Shrinkage (G->OD) 7 %
Tangential Shrink. (G->OD 10 %
Volumetric Shrink. (G->OD 15 %


Crown-Wood is a division of Crown-Holdings bvba, a registered company in Belgium active in the import/export & trading of all kinds of Tropical & Exotic Hardwoods (from South-East Asia, West Africa and South-America). 

Crown-Holdings bvba

Crown-Holdings bvba has the following divisions:

Contact details

a division of Crown-Holdings bvba

Baillet Latourlei 98
2930 Brasschaat

E-mail: info@crown-wood.be
Telephone: +32 3 480 10 14
Fax: +32 3 605 48 53