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South America


Tree Data
Trees are reported to be often less than 100 feet (30 m) in height, with trunk diameters of 24 to 48 inches (60 t0 120 cm). They sometimes attain heights of about 130 feet (40 m) and trunk diameters of 60 to 72 inches (150 to 180 cm).

Trees usually develop clear boles that are 40 to 80 feet (12 to 24 m) long, and may have swollen bases or buttresses, depending upon the size.

Sapwood Color
The rather wide sapwood is described as white, gray, or pinkish in color and is clearly demarcated from the heartwood. It is reported to be similar to Maple in appearance.

Heartwood Color
The color of the freshly-cut heartwood runs from salmon-red to orange-brown. It darkens into a russet to reddish-brown color after drying, and it is frequently marked with dark streaks.

The grain is mostly interlocked.

The texture is medium to coarse.

Luster is reported to vary from dull to fairly lustrous.

The wood has no characteristic taste or odor.

Movement in Service
The timber is reported to be stable after seasoning to the proper moisture content, and undergoes minimal dimensional changes in response to fluctuations in atmospheric conditions.

Natural Durability
The heartwood is reported to be moderately durable, with only moderate resistance to attack by both brown-rot and white-rot fungi. The heartwood is rated as very resistant to dry-wood termites but it is not totally immune from attack by marine borers. Resistance to Impregnation The heartwood is reported to be very resistant to preservative treatment. Penetration and retention in the sapwood is reported to be adequate.

Resin Content

The bark contains an orange or yellowish resin called South American copal, which is reported to be used in the manufacture of special types of varnishes and cements.


Category Green Dry Unit
Bending Strength 12957 21020 psi
Crushing Strength (Perp.) 1640 1880 psi
Max. Crushing Strength 5800 9510 psi
Static Bending (FSPL) 7910 11900 psi
Stiffness 1843 2422 1000 psi
Work to Maximum Load 15 18 in-lbs/in3
Hardness 2653 lbs
Shearing Strength 2470 psi
Toughness 230 in-lbs
Specific Gravity 0.76 0.91
Weight 56 lbs/cu.ft.
Density (Air-dry) 57 lbs/cu.ft.
Radial Shrinkage (G->OD) 5 %
Tangential Shrink. (G->OD 9 %
Volumetric Shrink. (G->OD 13 %


Crown-Wood is a division of Crown-Holdings bvba, a registered company in Belgium active in the import/export & trading of all kinds of Tropical & Exotic Hardwoods (from South-East Asia, West Africa and South-America). 

Crown-Holdings bvba

Crown-Holdings bvba has the following divisions:

Contact details

a division of Crown-Holdings bvba

Baillet Latourlei 98
2930 Brasschaat

E-mail: info@crown-wood.be
Telephone: +32 3 480 10 14
Fax: +32 3 605 48 53